The popularity of the first edition of this book necessitated a second revised and updated version to record the many challenges in Africa since the first edition appeared in 1998. Africa is a vast and fascinating continent whose population is fast approaching the one billion mark. Africa also has more politically independent states than any other continent. Africa A–Z attempts to provide, in a concise manner, the facts for an elementary understanding of the continent and its complex problems.
Edited by Pieter Esterhuysen, 2008
Cartographer: Elize van AS
210mm x 297mm
The book falls into main sections; the five chapters on the first main section focus on the continent as a whole, dealing with its physical and human diversity, its eventful history and Africans’ struggle for economic survival. The second main section contains profiles of 57 independent and non-independent countries, ranging from Algeria to Zimbabwe. Presentation of the profiles is uniform, in that the same themes are covered in each profile. The data panels with the profiles contain data not provided in the text. The maps, appearing throughout the text were produced by AISA’s cartography department.
This volume focuses on globalization and emerging trends in African foreign policy in ‘Eastern Africa,’ a geographical designation that is inclusive of the Horn of Africa, and therefore more expansive that the classic conception of ‘East Africa’.
Edited by Korwa G.Adar and Peter J. Schraeder.
This study is part of a larger research project sponsored and funded by the Africa Institute of South Africa and co-published with the University Press of America. This essay examines the emerging trends in foreign policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation in post Cold War Africa. Editors Korwa G. Adar and Peter J. Schraeder have gathered thirteen essays that analyze existing foreign policy, propose changes to the African foreign policy approach, and explore the implications of African foreign policy on the world stage. Organized into two sections, individuals country case studies and regional and global case studies, this important text is a timely addition to International Relations, Foreign Policy, and African International Studies courses; as well as a useful tool for policy makers, diplomats, and the NGO community.
Any study of Africa’s multiparty elections reveals inherent institutional and systemic difficulties that raise questions about the electoral processes in Africa and pose methodological, conceptual, and theoretical challenges to scholars and practitioners.
Electoral Process and the Prospects for Democracy Consilidation
Edited by Korwa G. Adar, Abdallah Hamdok and Joram Rukambe, 2008
245mm x 165mm
The chapters of this volume address these issues, through the assessment of the electoral processes and examination of democratization trends in Africa, with special focus on case studies. The chapters on Algeria, Cameroon, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa analyse these complexities holistically. They examine: the potency and independence of electoral institutions; adherence to electoral laws by those charged with the statutory powers as well as the participants in the elections; the role of the media, election monitors and observers, civil society, political parties, and whether or not elections were conducted in a free and fair environment conducive for multiparty electoral practice and consolidation.
The Nile River is the longest river in the world covering nearly 7,000 kilometres. It traverses eleven countries in Africa, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda, with South Sudan as the eleventh riparian state once it acquires its sovereignty.
Comparative Diplomacy, Regional Stability and National Interest: The Nile River and the Riparian States
Edited by Korwa G. Adar and Nicasius A. Check, 2011
168mm x 240mm
Of the more than 300 million inhabitants in the eleven riparian states, the Nile River Basin is home to nearly 160 million people. The interlocking controversies surrounding the utilization of the waters of the Nile River and the resources therein have centred on the 1929 Anglo-Egyptian and the 1959 Egypto-Sudanese treaties which have largely ignored the interests of the upstream states. Through the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) established in 1999, the riparian states concluded, in 2010, the Agreement on the River Nile Basin Cooperative Framework (CFA) based on the principle of equitable and reasonable utilisation, the objective of which is to establish durable legal regime in the Nile River Basin. This book addresses the complexities inherent in the colonial and post colonial treaties and agreements and their implications on the interests of the riparian states and the region in general. It is the first book of its kind that covers the eleven riparian states in a single volume and deals comprehensively with politico-legal questions in the Nile River Basin as well as conventions on the international water courses and their relevance to the region.
In the 10 years since the United Nations Security Council’s first resolution on HIV/AIDS, the pandemic has had far-reaching implications for human security. In sub-Saharan Africa, the epicentre of the pandemic, the consequences have been borne disproportionately by women.
HIV/AIDS, Gender, Human Security and Violence in Southern Africa
Edited by Monica Juma and Jennifer Klot, 2011
238mm x 157mm
Violent conflicts and insecurity throughout the region, characterised by population movements, force d migration and environmental crises, have overwhelmed the capacity of states to provide preventative measures against HIV/AIDS, care and treatment. In many areas, the related stress factors on health systems and basic service provision have pushed community and kinship networks beyond their breaking points. The plight of women is exacerbated because they are vulnerable and at high risk of HIV infection, due to increased care burdens within the household and community, sexual and gender-based violence and exploitation, as well as coercive interpersonal relationships. This volume is a welcome addition to the literature on HIV/AIDS and should serve as a useful tool for Aids activists, community health workers as well as for policy makers in the region.
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) and its Member States are making renewed efforts to revive agriculture in the region. Given that much of it is water-stressed, appropriate and sustainable land and water management practices are vital to achieving this objective.
Land and Water Management in Southern Africa
Edited by Calvin Nhira, Patrick Rankhumise and Alfred Mapiki, 2008
185mm x 245mm
Recognising this, SADC’s Land and Water Management Applied Research and Training Programme has convened two scientific symposiums. Held in Lilongwe, Malawi, in February 2006, the inaugural symposium brought together practitioners from 10 participating SADC countries to deliberate on land and water management for sustainable agriculture, and discuss how the most recent research and development advances in land and water management might be made more relevant to policy-makers as well as the region’s small-scale farmers. The edited contributions to this first symposium appear in this volume. The second symposium was held in Gaborone, Botswana, in February 2007, and brought together regional experts to discuss opportunities for improving water use and water use efficiency in agriculture in semi-arid and arid areas. The edited contributions to the second symposium appear in a companion volume entitled Land and Water Management in Southern Africa: Towards Better Water Use in Agriculture in Semi-Arid and Arid Areas (AISA 2008). It is hoped that these two volumes will help to disseminate regional expertise on land and water management to a wider audience, thus helping policy-makers and others to strengthen the agricultural sector in the region, and, in so doing, improve its food security and the wellbeing of its people.
In May 2005 the Government of Zimbabwe began ‘Operation Murambatsvina’. Offi cially translated as ‘Operation Clean-up’, the more literal meaning is ‘getting rid of the filth.’
The Hidden Dimensions of Operations Murambatsvina in Zimbabwe
Edited by Maurice T. Vambe, 2008
245mm x 165mm
The operation continued throughout the month of June, and affected virtually every town and rural business centre in the country. In this introduction to the ‘Hidden Dimensions …’ Maurice Vambe argues that the treatment of people as ‘human dirt’ demands that we rethink the notion of citizenship in Zimbabwe. The volume goes on to consider the historical antecedents to the operation, its hidden and unspoken consequences, its representations in the media and official responses that were made to it.
The Coming African Hour is not a slogan, nor wishful thinking. It is a conclusion that derives from an insightful analysis of the current situation pertaining on the continent.
The Coming African Hour: Dialectics of Opportunities and Constraints
Edited by Luc Sindjoun, 2010
240mm x 170mm
Several African scholars offer insightful analysis of this current situation. They come from different regions and academic backgrounds and are elaborating ideas and arguments in order to explain the constraints experienced and illustrate the opportunities. The result of that scientific gathering is a book that synthesizes and renews the reflections on development. What is at stake is not to be pessimistic or optimistic about Africa. The epistemological challenge is to understand what is going on. By focusing on converging African realities, on issues of the state, civil society, gender and development strategies, the authors of the book show under which conditions the African Hour is coming. At that level, the commitment for political science meets the commitment for Africa. The main success of this book is to overcome the preconceived ideas and self-fulfilling prophecies about Africa. Here, the analysis avoids the trap of indulgence; then hope is based on truth. Consequently the Coming African Hour is not inescapable: it is a possibility that its achievement depends on institutional, human, political, social and economic factors.
This book interrogates one of the most important aspects of Africa’s publishing industry, namely, scholarly publishing which deserves more attention, generally receives little.
Scholarly Publishing in Africa: Opportunities and Impediments
Edited by Solani Ngobeni,
170mm x 240mm
The African publishing industry continues to be dominated by the education publishing, although trade publishing is beginning to thrive, especially in the bigger industries such as South Africa and Egypt. Sadly, same cannot be said about scholarly publishing which to all intents and purposes continues to remain the flotsam and jetsam of the African publishing landscape. It is therefore hoped that the incisive and perceptive observations contained herein will go a long way in influencing policy makers and other relevant stakeholders in developing an enabling environment for scholarly publishing to thrive.
The dominant trend in environmental studies has assumed that people ruin the natural environment. The contributors to Greening the Great Red Island: Madagascar in Nature and Culture challenge this assumption, not for its elements of obvious truthfulness, but it’s oversimplification.
Greening the Great Red Island
Edited by Jeffrey C. Kaufman, 2008
240mm x 170mm
Diverse social-environmental perspectives on Madagascar demonstrate that Madagascar’s rural people have dynamic, historical and complex relationships with their environments. Conservation organizations working to preserve Madagascar’s biological megadiversity may achieve negative results if they start with the wrong assumptions. Combining potent theoretical and methodological analysis with detailed case studies from across the island of Madagascar, this collection will appeal to those doing research and teaching in African studies, anthropology, development, environmental studies, geography, history, political science and zoology.
Post-conflict reconstruction is not a new phenomenon but can be linked to the Marshall Plan after the Second World War Reconstruction efforts in the Balkans, Afghanistan and Iraq, have seen a revival of the concept in the early 21st century. In Africa, post-conflict reconstruction has become more prominent as a result of the peace processes in the DRC, Sudan, Burundi and the Comoros. As a result, the African Union (AU) and New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) have formulated policy frameworks dealing with post-conflict reconstruction and development. As part of the UN’s reform, its new Peace-building Commission is another institution which takes responsibility for post-conflict reconstruction. This publication focuses on a number of themes including, gender and post-conflict reconstruction, the transformation of war economies into peace economies, elections in Africa in the context of post-conflict reconstruction, constitutional negotiations and power sharing arrangements, and the predicament of ethnic identities in the DRC. The NEPAD framework is also analysed in detail. All of these themes serve as indicators of the lessons to be learnt from the post-conflict reconstruction processes already in progress.
The State of Africa: Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development
Edited by Dirk Kotze and Hussein Solomon, 2008
245mm x 165mm
This book reviews the progress, prospects and challenges of meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in Africa. Each chapter corresponds with the eight goals of the Millennium Declaration. The introduction sets the stage for the discourse contained in the main text while the conclusion forms an opinion from the findings and prescribes the way forward.
The Millennium Development Goals
Edited by Francis Nwonwu, 2008
245mm x 165mm
The goals in sequence include: • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger • Achieve universal primary education • Promote gender equality and empower women • Reduce child mortality • Improve maternal health • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases • Ensure environmental sustainability • Develop a global partnership for development. While it is apparent that most North African countries are on the track to achieve the above goals by 2015, few countries in sub-Saharan Africa are expected to succeed in this. As well as reviewing progress towards meeting the MDGs, the authors also analyse the obstacles and challenges that stand in the way of achieving the goals. These include internal, economic and cultural obstacles as well as external and environmental factors such as reductions in funding, problems in accessing global markets and the implications of climate change for Africa.
Risk analysis studies on Africa conducted by a number of international organisations have addressed a number of complex and interlocking socio-economic and political issues, largely by painting a bleak picture of the continent.
Towards Africa-oriented Risk Analysis Models
Edited by Korwa G. Adar, Richard O. Iroanya and Francis Nwonwu.
245mm x 165mm
These reports have been used by the Western countries as benchmarks for the flow of donor funds, often with disastrous consequences. The failure of the Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) introduced by the Bretton Woods institutions in the 1970s and 1980s serve as a good example. Taking cognisance of these interpretations, the case studies in this volume have employed appropriate methodological, conceptual and theoretical approaches with the objective of reaching balanced assessments on the underlying principles of risk and threat in Africa. The authors take a holistic view, clearly defining the concept risk and its corollaries and going beyond the somewhat limited view of those organisations which apply largely Eurocentric values to their assessments.
Archie Mafeje was an independent Pan-Africanist and cosmopolitan individual who sought to understand the world at a global level in order to locate Africa within that tapestry.
Archie Mafeje: Scholar, Activist and Thinker
Edited by Dani Wadada Nabudere, 2011
157mm x 238mm
In many ways, Archie Mafeje was one of the African intellectual pathfinders. He contributed immensely to the African people’s search for self-understanding, self-determination and political emancipation as they struggled against alienation and misrepresentation. In recognising the academic and intellectual contribution of Archie Mafeje, this monograph also reflects on the African people’s journey for emancipation in their search for African identity, self-control and self-understanding.
The book comes at a time when key role players are battling to find solutions to a chal¬lenge of our time – climate change.
Green Economy and Climate Mitigation: Topics of Relevance to Africa
Edited by Godwell Nhamo, 2011
135mm x 215mm
To address some of the concerns, the authors iden¬tified topics of relevance to Africa, among them: discourses surrounding the green economy and sustainable development; financing green economies; carbon bench mark¬ing; role of multilateral development banks in carbon financing; and carbon taxation. The book mainstreams climate change into ‘unfamiliar’ territories, such as account¬ing, finance, management, education, economics and banking. I would recommend this book to readers destined to become influential in addressing climate change.
The world’s energy consumption and demand is increasing exponentially. While this appears to hold hope for Africa, the reality is that Africa is still trapped in darkness when it comes to energy production and distribution.
Energy Transition in Africa
Edited by Thokozani Simelane and Mohamed Abdel-Rahman, 2011
135mm x 215mm
Of critical concern is that the world’s supply of fos¬sil fuels and its reserves are decreasing and locating new reserves has become difficult. This shift in energy sources pose a challenge and opportunity for Africa, as it will need substantial investment in infrastructure, technology and human capital for Africa to catch up with the in-ternational trends of generating and supplying energy from renewable sources. Of greater ad-vantage is that Africa is endowed with abundant sources of renewable energy, which if exploit-ed maximally can place Africa in the forefront of the world’s energy production and supply.
Global climate change is possibly the greatest environmental challenge facing the world in the twenty-first century.
Overcoming Barriers to Climate Change Adaption Implementation in Southern Africa
Edited by Lesley Masters and Lyndsey Duff, 2011
135mm x 215mm
Although often referred to as ‘global warming’, climate change encompasses serious disruptions to the world’s entire weather and climate patterns, in¬cluding impacts on rainfall, extreme weather events and rising sea-levels, as well as mod¬erate to extreme global temperature increases. Like most other developing countries in the world, Southern African nations are finding it increasingly difficult to implement ad¬aptation activities as a result of a number of barriers. In an effort to explore and identi¬fy the full spectrum of barriers to adaptation, the research and analysis of this book is di¬vided into five sections – political, economic, financial, technological and social barriers.
Why should there be a need to discuss North Africa’s interactions with Africa, south of the Sahara? This question perhaps raises the bigger issue of people’s general understanding of Afro –Arab relations. Afro-Arab relations did not emerge today or even in the recent past: they are the product of history and a multidimensional cultural and civilisation reality.
Regional Integration in Africa: Bridging the North – Sub-Saharan Divide
Edited by Hamdy A. Hassan, 2011
170 x 245mm
This book, which came about as a research project conducted by the Africa Institute of South Africa, examines the North African countries’ strategies of involvement with the rest of the African continent, and their integration initiatives. The book looks at major issues involving Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. These countries, in most cases, have been treated as separate from sub-Saharan Africa. However, the historical reality and economic and political interests indicate that the North African countries have been and still are closely connected with the rest of the African continent. The book consists of two parts, the first part includes five chapters written in English and the second part of the book comprises six chapters written in Arabic.
Public Opinion and Interest Groups Politics: South Africa’s Missing Links?
Edited by Heather A. Thuynsma,2012
245 x 168 mm
In more developed democracies, such as the US and Germany, interest groups both shape and promote public opinion. Regrettably, this is not always true in South Africa’s nascent system. This anthology tries to understand why interest groups do not affect or advance public opinion in South Africa and then suggests how interest groups can redress the situation.
Although a great deal of attention is focused on Africa’s economic failures and political instability, a factual compendium such as this, the 15th edition of Africa at a Glance, serves as a reminder of the many positive achievements which need to be appreciated. This compilation has been issued since 1968. It has been prepared to fulfill the need for an up-to-date and concise compendium of published but not readily accessible data on the countries of Africa. Every effort has been made to provide the most current as well as authoritative information. Apart from presenting the latest available data, new tables, maps and diagrams have been added. Attention may be drawn particularly to the inclusion of a new table and maps in Section Four: Democracy Index. While the raison d’être of the Africa Institute of South African is the conducting and dissemination of scholarly research, it is also concerned with the collection and dissemination of statistical and other factual data about the African continent. The present issue of Africa at a Glance serves the latter purpose.
Africa at a Glance: Facts and Figures
Compiled by Elize van As, 2012
210 x 297 mm
86 pages (full colour)