Natural and Human-Induced Hazards and Disasters in Africa

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Editors: Genene Mulugeta and Thokozani Simelane
ISBN: 978-0-7983-0494-8
Size: 245mm x 170mm
Pages: 280
Availability: April 2016
Price: R680.00
Publisher: AISA

Natural and human-induced environmental hazards are becoming increasingly prominent. The frequency of recorded natural disasters rose markedly during the last century, from about 100 per in the years up to 1940 to nearly 2 800 during the 1990s. Africa is the only continent whose share of reported disasters has increased over the past decade. Several factors contribute to Africa’s high vulnerability to disasters.
These include the high rate of population growth, food insecurity, high levels of poverty, inappropriate use of natural resources, and failures of policy and institutional frameworks. Despite the huge negative impact of natural and human-induced hazards on Africa’s development, little is done to prevent them. Disaster prevention contributes to lasting improvement in safety and sustainable livelihoods and is essential as part of integrated disaster management strategies. The provision of effective scientific input to policy formulation on various issues related to hazards and disasters is an ambitious undertaking. It requires the collaborative effort of the African
scientific community to develop comprehensive long-term strategies and human capacitybuilding initiatives that will enable science to benefit society. This will further require:
a) Building strong research and training institutions in Africa at national and regional levels;
b) Facilitating the exchange of scientific information and sharing of ideas across borders;
c) Strengthening the link between scientific research and policy making;
d) Promoting outreach activities to build resilience to disaster risk; and
e) Tapping the knowledge base of rural and urban communities.

In this volume, the ICSU ROA has brought together selected African scientific researchers to share their views on policy direction for facing challenges linked to natural and human induced hazards. The book is intended for policy advisers, environmental scientists, government officials and members of the general public with a special interest in
environmental issues.

Table of Contents
About the Editors
About the Chapter Contributors
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Chapter 1 Introduction: Overview of the Impact of Hazards and Disasters in Africa
Part I: Geophysical Hazards
Chapter 2 Earthquakes in Africa
Chapter 3 Hazards and Disasters from the Eruptions of Volcanoes in Sub-Saharan Africa
Chapter 4 Volcanic Terrain in Africa that Releases Asphyxiating Carbon
Chapter 5 Mass Movements in Sub-Saharan Africa
Chapter 6 The Impact of Artisanal Gold Mining on the Livelihood of Local Communities in the Macalder Gold Mine Area in Kenya
Part II: Hydrometeorological Hazards
Chapter 7 Storm Hazards
Chapter 8 Occurrence and Effects of Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter 9 Saharan Dust: A Scientific Review
Chapter 10 Occurrence and Effects of Climate Change in Sub-Saharan Africa
Part III: Vulnerability to Hazards
Chapter 11 Pollution Vulnerability of Coastal Ecosystems and Contingency Planning Imperatives: Nigerian Case Study
Chapter 12 Coastal Vulnerability: Groundwater Signatures from the Nigerian Coast
Chapter 13 Coastal Hazards in Africa
Chapter 14 Urban Hazards and Vulnerabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa
Chapter 15 Factors that Contribute to Vulnerability in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa
Chapter 16 Conclusion: Considerations for the Future

To Order Contact
Human Science Research Council
Private Bag X41
Tel: +12 302 2000 (Switchboard)
Email: publish@hsrc.ac.za

Orders worldwide
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PO Box 721
Oxford OX1 9EN
Tel: +44 (0) 1865 58 9756
Fax: +44 (0) 1865 412 341
US Tel: +1 415 644 5108
Email: orders@africanbookscollective.com

Price: ZAR680.00

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