On 5 October 2011 AISA and the City of Tshwane co-hosted the Ambassadorial Forum on Regime Change in Libya and Recognition of the National Transitional Council: Assessing the West and the AU perspectives. The event was held at the Ditsong National Cultural History Museum in Pretoria. The keynote speaker was Mr Archibong Bassey, the Deputy High Commissioner of Nigeria to South Africa. The forum examined the 2011 political unrests in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya and illustrated the advent of the ‘new wave’ of democratisation in Africa at the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century. However, unlike Tunisia and Egypt where the revolutions were home grown, Libya had international involvement under the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) air power played a vital role in destroying Gaddafi’s fixed wing aircraft, whilst the British, French, and other special forces were on the ground in Libya helping the rebels coordinate the various anti-Gaddafi fronts. Furthermore, the United States proposed a Resolution to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to have Libyan assets frozen by the UN to sanction Muammar Gaddafi or to release the resources for the benefit of the rebel group, the National Transitional Council (NTC). Mr David Maimela’s paper on an elusive rules-based multilateral global system of governance, Equal Human Beings, Unequal Powers, sought to assess the occurrence of regime change as it occurred in Libya, a ‘de javu’ of Iraq and Afghanistan, of which we could not do so without understanding the motives of those who sought to impose their will on the rest of us, the weaker states and peoples of the world. Regime change is but a manifestation of certain grand strategies, machinations and ideologies of those who stand opposed to a just, peaceful and stable world.